2010-06-25

chrooted ssh & sftp on Slackware

Since the SheevaPlug makes a nice server for one to share files online securedly, while allowing you to see exactly who is accessing them, today's exercise is to setup sshd so that selected people can SFTP into it, while only seeing what you want them to see.

Now, you'll find plenty of articles on how to do that, some of them very well made, but what they won't tell is how to sort things out when stuff's not exactly working as it should be.

First of all, this is what you want to have in your sshd_config:
# Use a non obvious port for outside connections.
# You could also do port translation on your gateway or something
# but, just so you see how it's done:
Port 22
Port 1234
Default options should be super limiting: no X11/TCP forwarding, no pasword auth, no root logon, etc) and then you use the very convenient Match tag to setup the allowed remote users, as well as the less restrictive options for your own network. Thus:
# only "remote_user" can logon from the outside network, in a chrooted env
Match User remote_user
PasswordAuthentication yes
ChrootDirectory /home/chroot
# connections from inside are OK
Match Address 192.168.1.0/24
PasswordAuthentication yes
PermitRootLogin yes
AllowTCPForwarding yes
X11Forwarding yes
Then I'll assume that you pretty much follow the link I gave above to setup your /home/chroot directory and create the "remote_user" guy.

First bad surprise:
"cannot run command `/bin/bash': No such file or directory"
WTF? But I did copy bash and the script took care of my libraries.
Unfortunately, nope, the script did not take care of all the libs, and instead of reporting "library not found", the error message does not help.

Now, if you go:
# ldd /bin/bash
libtermcap.so.2 => /lib/libtermcap.so.2 (0x4004b000)
libdl.so.2 => /lib/libdl.so.2 (0x40056000)
libgcc_s.so.1 => /lib/libgcc_s.so.1 (0x40061000)
libc.so.6 => /lib/libc.so.6 (0x40075000)
/lib/ld-linux.so.3 (0x40000000)
and check your libraries again, you'll probably find that ld-linux.so.3 was not copied. If you do just that, you should find that you can logon to the chrooted environment at last. Yay!

But then you want to add sftp. To do that, you *must* have the sftp-server and the lib dependencies in your chrooted environment as well.

For Slackware, that means you need to create a /home/chroot/usr/libexec/sftp-server (if you don't know which sftp-server to pick, check the line "Subsystem sftp" in your sshd_config) and once again, copy all the library files (or use the script).

But then, disaster strikes: whenever you try to logon with sftp, you get your connection closed. If you look at the sftp debug log, you'll see something like:
debug1: Sending subsystem: sftp
debug2: channel 0: request subsystem confirm 1
debug2: callback done
debug2: channel 0: open confirm rwindow 0 rmax 32768
debug2: channel 0: rcvd adjust 131072
debug1: client_input_channel_req: channel 0 rtype exit-status reply 0
debug2: channel 0: rcvd eof
debug2: channel 0: output open -> drain
debug2: channel 0: obuf empty
debug2: channel 0: close_write
debug2: channel 0: output drain -> closed
debug2: channel 0: rcvd close
debug2: channel 0: close_read
debug2: channel 0: input open -> closed
debug3: channel 0: will not send data after close
debug2: channel 0: almost dead
debug2: channel 0: gc: notify user
debug2: channel 0: gc: user detached
debug2: channel 0: send close
debug2: channel 0: is dead
debug2: channel 0: garbage collecting
debug1: channel 0: free: client-session, nchannels 1
debug3: channel 0: status: The following connections are open:
#0 client-session (t4 r0 i3/0 o3/0 fd -1/-1 cfd -1)

debug3: channel 0: close_fds r -1 w -1 e 6 c -1
debug1: fd 0 clearing O_NONBLOCK
debug3: fd 1 is not O_NONBLOCK
debug1: Transferred: stdin 0, stdout 0, stderr 0 bytes in 0.3 seconds
debug1: Bytes per second: stdin 0.0, stdout 0.0, stderr 0.0
debug1: Exit status 1
Connection closed
Well, to cut a long story short, if you're seeing this, the problem is likely that you don't have rw permission on /dev/null (and possibly /dev/zero). Just make sure you issue a chmod 777 /home/chroot/dev/null and that should be the end of it.

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